Introduction Part One Part Two Part Three Part Four Part Five


 

 The Exodus Deception

Introduction 


 

This is a non-believer’s website. It is an analysis of the Bible based on science and reason, not faith. Believers are welcome to read. I’d love to get some feedback. But I make decisions based on evidence, not trust. So we will probably be speaking different languages. Now for the non-believers. You may think the Bible is wrong, therefore not worth studying. I think the Bible is arguably the most influential book in the history of civilization. So if you have an interest in history, what could be more worthy of study?

 

Enough said. I’ve been working for a little under three years, mostly going through well trodden ground. But as a person well educated in science and math, I’ve caught a few things that I believe the theologians and historians have missed; for example, ash falling from the sky, in Exodus 9-9. I think I’ve found enough to crack the case wide open: Who wrote the story of Moses? When? And Why? It’s a radical new explanation, and it has a feature that no other theory of the Exodus can claim. My theory can be tested. Right or wrong, with science.

 

Here are the tests:

 

1) Among the plagues preceding the Exodus were three days of darkness and the Nile turning to blood (as well as water in every open container). As has been proposed before, I agree that the three days of darkness were likely not a supernatural phenomenon, but the result of sunlight being blocked by volcanic ash. What has been overlooked is that the ash may have been very rich in iron. Ash containing iron could have rusted in water making the Nile look like blood (as well as water in every open container). This provides a method to date the Exodus. An annual history of large eruptions is recorded in a recent (1990’s) Greenland ice core. From Numbers 14:22 (Exodus at or after construction of Zoan) I suspected an eruption in the 1060’s BC or shortly thereafter. The ice core shows an eruption in 1066 BC, then nothing for decades. It’s a process of elimination.

 

The closest volcanoes to Egypt are across the Red Sea in Saudi Arabia. Their reddish color is visible from space. They are loaded with iron. Thus a river of blood can be explained if ash from an Arabian volcano blew east across the Red Sea to Egypt. Of course it’s not really blood, but it is iron, the same as in blood. A blood red Nile would have been an incredible sight, especially since the ash on dry land would not have rusted. Water is required to change the color. It would have been difficult to make the connection.

 

If there was a heavy fall of volcanic ash in Egypt, even more would have fallen into the Red Sea. It will still be there. This is the test: find an area free of scouring currents and drill into the seafloor. A layer of ash should be found in sediment with a radiocarbon date of 1066 BC. Radiocarbon can’t measure to the year, but it will be something like 1070 BC +/- 20 years, which is a hit. If the ash is there, that’s a yes. If not, that’s a no. How many Exodus theories can be tested 3,000 years later?

 

2) The only known Egyptian reference to a river of blood is in an ancient poem called The Abominations of Ipuwer. Scholars have debated for decades about when the Ipuwer papyrus was written. In the meantime, the amount of papyrus required to obtain a good radiocarbon date has gone down from about the size of a sheet of paper to less than the size of a postage stamp. It’s time to trim a few bits from the frayed edges and test it. If the papyrus dates to before 1066 BC, I’m probably wrong (unless the papyrus was already old before it was used). If the date is on or after 1066 BC, I’m probably right, especially if the date is squarely on 1066 BC. This test isn’t as conclusive, but if the papyrus test comes out in agreement with the seafloor test, that cannot reasonably be attributed to chance. These tests could confirm the date of the Exodus, but would not tell what happened, other than that the Ipuwer papyrus should be taken seriously.

 

3) If you’ve caught that 1066 BC is far too late for the date of the Exodus by everybody’s theory but mine, yes.  It’s too late for 1st Kings 6:1 (480 years before Solomon’s temple) and it’s too late for Exodus 1:11 (construction of Pithom and Rameses), while 1066 BC does match Numbers 14:22; (construction of Zoan). All three verses can’t be right. I’ve found several lines of evidence consistent with an Exodus just prior to the construction of Zoan. That’s the tie breaker.

 

In addition to the well known version in the Bible, there is a much lesser known description of the Exodus in the ancient book Against Apion.  It is copied from an earlier Egyptian history book that has since been lost. In the Egyptian version of the Exodus, Moses is described as a radical Egyptian priest who invited the “people of Jerusalem” to join him in war to conquer Egyptian territory. As the Egyptians recorded it, the Exodus was when Moses was defeated and ran away. It was essentially the loss of a civil war.

 

The Egyptian account says Moses was defeated by a “King Amenhotep.” King generally means Pharaoh, but Amenhotep was a commonly used name in ancient Egypt. In 1066 BC, this name could match a very powerful High Priest Amenhotep, who could well have proclaimed himself pharaoh. Egyptologists don’t know because the final years of Amenhotep’s life are not recorded. This could explain why the Exodus is not found elsewhere (other than Against Apion) in the historical record of Egypt. If we don’t know what happened to High Priest Amenhotep, we are certainly not going to know if he had a battle with Moses. The Exodus could have occurred in a blind spot in Egyptian history.

 

The significance of High Priest Amenhotep is that if he had a battle against anyone, it would have been a civil war to overthrow the existing pharaoh, Ramesses XI. This means Moses would have been fighting on the side of the existing pharaoh, against the challenging new pharaoh. In fact, that blind spot in Egyptian history is just where Pharaoh Ramesses XI disappeared without a trace. He could have died. He could have been overthrown, and fled on the Exodus with Moses. There is some evidence to support that he fled. For some reason workers never finished the tomb of Ramesses XI, as if they learned there would no longer be a body to put in it.

 

Where is this going? Pharaohs were considered the priest above all priests. If Ramesses XI fled with the Exodus, then he would be the highest ranking priest on the Exodus. That would be Aaron, the older brother of Moses. So that is the radical part of the theory. I have multiple lines of evidence that lead me to conclude Moses was a pharaoh’s brother, If I’ve got it right, Moses was royalty by blood, which explains why he was raised by a pharaoh’s daughter. I don’t trust that Moses was found in a basket and adopted. That could be a flimsy excuse to explain away who he really was.

 

The Egyptian version of the Exodus gives a better explanation of who Moses was. It is reported that he was a priest of Heliopolis. If he was a pharaoh’s brother, he wouldn’t be a low ranking priest. That would likely make him Prince Menmaatre, High Priest of Heliopolis and son of Pharaoh Ramesses IX. The family tree of the Ramessides is given in The Complete Royal Families of Egypt, by Egyptologist Aidan Dodson. Nobody has ever checked this before, but to the extent that it is known, the family tree of the Ramesside Pharaohs matches the Bible’s family tree of Moses. Admittedly, the Egyptian records are sketchy, but there is another way to check.

 

annas gateway deli arlington va
gateway 823 tape
auto owners gateway flint
payflow gateway link
roms atari gateway to apshai
multiple gateway message window server 2003
cx200x gateway computers
ebay motors gateway 9300 series batterys
regal gateway cinema
gateway essential 433c
port richey gateway honda
computer case gateway
gateway alliance church
gateway default password wireless
alameda gateway association
coupons discounts gateway walmart coputer
gateway e-6100 memory
gateway behavioral helth
gateway slimline open case
ati driver update for gateway
payment gateway providers india
audubon's restaurant ames ia gateway
gateway 4525gz drivers
gateway to the south mp3
ketchikan gateway recreation and parks
gateway hotel ames ia
gateway mt6840 operating manual
ywca at gateway in winston-salem nc
gateway mx6447 recovery
where is the gateway city
quality hotel gateway port moresby
gateway school sugarland
gateway solo 2300 ram capacity
sheraton gateway union hotel
gateway 900 mhz select k
gateway medical insurance
gateway health wellness centre
gateway md2614u driver
gateway buckshot tires
gateway 400 notebook specs
leslie temple thurston gateway to
gateway access llc
gateway laptop model ma7 specs
the shoppes at gateway commons pa
memory for gateway gt5404
gateway 400sd4 usb controller upgrade
belkin wireless-g router dsl cable gateway
gateway megaplex 12
all in one bible gateway
gateway gt5432 reviews
gateway mortgage net branch
rextex forum gateway
gateway 42 television review
gateway pet memorial
gateway produce illinois
gateway remanufactured laptops
overclocking gateway wl810e
502 bad gateway iplanet 6
gateway refurbished desktops
gateway ml3109 cleaning fan
wwestern gateway park
gateway business llc
history politics and society china gateway
gateway shooting club
gateway computer wallpaper
best of breed voip gateway
gateway buisness computers
the gateway tavern wareham ma
gateway router failure test recovery
svens place gateway patient restored
gateway laptop battery mx7515
gateway clipper dinner dance cruise
gateway t5234 motherboard
gateway golf club florida
gateway blvd motel edmonton
gateway financing computer
st louis gateway arch memorial
gateway 4535gz power cord
gateway mx3215 laptop memory
travel school gateway college phoenix arizona
referbished desk top computers gateway
gateway laptop no power up
network printer via residential gateway
gateway mx6426 motherboard
centers alcohol drug gateway rehab
gateway computers for children
batteries for gateway laptops
sonicwall comprehensive gateway tz 100
gateway 3520 gz
gateway hd monitor update
gateway 400c and bios
gateway 2000 vivitron manual
nys interactive mapping gateway
sven's place gateway thaimisc elwebbs
uo gateway download
boost smpp gateway
western gateway motle emerald
gateway fx 6800 bios update help
2 wire gateway 2701 installation cd
gateway notebook part
df1 bacnet gateway
gateway laptop plugged in not charging
gateway vista migration suite
gateway notebook model w322
install power supply jack gateway m520
remote login gateway
remove cover of gateway e4000
gateway 3200 specs
default gateway manual metric
gateway 600 series
gateway film productions ltd
1010 gateway road edgewood md 21040
submarine cable gateway to nigeria
gateway playhouse bellport ny
gateway destination mouse
yahoo dsl gateway error
greers candy gateway ar
gateway pentium pro mhz
smc 8013 wireless gateway troubleshooting
adsl modem router wireless gateway
e4400 gateway specs
contracting officer's hubzone gateway
gateway annex sports
used gateway nx570x battery
add memory to gateway ml6720
gateway essential properties
accton cheetahaccess gateway firewall removal
1010 gateway road edgewood md 21040
gateway property management calgary
adding ram to a gateway m405
gateway ntebook computers
gateway model mx6214
gateway laptop added memory
drivers gateway laptop m1625
gateway to america
gateway berrien county michigan
1701hg gateway clone mac address
audio drivers for gateway e-4200
zed advises information gateway
default gateway setting
gateway computer product
gateway m6319 processor replacement
discovering computers 2005 gateway information
gateway w730-k8x drivers
cisco applications gateway firewall features
gateway 300s open case how to
gateway legacy drivers
muskego gateway entertainment complex llc
gateway bowling cincinnati
gateway imax mesa arizona
oriental express gateway boynton beach
gateway private school ct
gateway essential specs
free dhcp gateway me
gateway metro credity union
gateway 400sd4 mothereboard sale
gateway model w350a power adaptors
gateway national monument
gateway 4026gz review
remanufactured gateway laptops 400
gateway restaurant springfield or
here with you now gateway
gateway power cable
amd gateway computers
ranchi gateway sven zep
gateway laptop power
gateway desktop manuals
raymond evans underground railroad southern gateway
gateway 500 se
gateway desktop 3400
where is wildblue communications gateway located
1600 gateway blvd ne
who created gateway computers
comfort inn sanibel gateway
gateway 9300 series batteries on ebay
broken gateway laptops
media gateway software
gateway keyboard clip
remanufactured gateway fx530
dicom gateway hp dl360r05
gateway trouble shooting bios
gateway mx6920 video cards
gateway solo 1200 modem driver
wastern gateway park map
ram memory for gateway computer
wire speed data gateway hack
gateway community schools elk grove
gateway 1967 mustang fastback
gateway mx laptop
gateway 3707 video memory
gateway 506gr constant amber light
sale gateway laptops
gateway 610xl motherboard
gateway e4600 power buttom part number
subject gateway aerospace
gateway and dentist and charlotte
gateway de pagamento online
gateway federal way movie
pilgrims pride corp sandra olmedo thunderbird and yahoo mail mental health anxiety help speaker 6.5 inch infinity old lady playing poker regal lakewood theatres fresh food meal delivery express white scrollwork corner shelf kitten head cold christmas light clips facia board consumer credit counseling of sacramento tracks motor wheel at t 2701hg-b gateway port forwarding
sheraton gateway victoria
gateway private school k-12
accdess 2wire gateway
simple gateway service
gateway employment group pa
display dstn gateway solo
gateway computer at sam27s club
gateway services m1
south gateway mall edmonton
gateway charter academy in dallas tx
gateway laptop rapair manual
assembly line gateway
gateway m280 screen replacement
gateway solo 1100 downloads
gateway mx3414 parts
gateway gt5618e computer price
digital gateway training atlanta
gateway chc on ca
gateway to eden review
gateway m 275
apply for gateway computer credit
gateway club therapy
gateway model 6518gz laptop
sven's gateway thaimic
gateway in atlanta
gateway fellowshio church in sacramento ca
phoenix mesa gateway
gateway m 675 power supply
gateway national recreational
drivers gateway 510x
gateway notebooks with windows xp
gateway computers reviews opinions
ics nat gateway
houston gateway academy
gateway unified school district shasta lake
gateway e-2000 series computer
ram for gateway mt6840 notebook computer
gateway mt3421 notebook reviews
address of gateway clipper
line 16 environment gateway simulator
east west gateway council
gateway 4540 memory
my gateway laptop wont stay on
gateway laptop partsfor less
nat gateway tunnel router ddns
gateway motel cody wyoming
st louis business news gateway ambulance
tennessee gateway science proficient
aggie gateway to success program
gateway model ma6
gateway computer network trouble
boc group computer offer gateway
mariott crystal city gateway
softick audio gateway serial
where to buy gateway comptures
gateway 7330 gz
david lounsbury gateway
open source ss7 signalling gateway
williams feild gateway
gateway support laptop
using a computer as a gateway
gateway web camera help
richard phillips gateway to hell
gateway vista admin password
gateway realty waycross georgia
farm gateway alarm system
catskill gateway real estate inc
gateway business properties
gateway micro atx san gateway professional
comparing dell and gateway
crystal city gateway marriott
gateway solo laptop battery universal toshiba
gateway school district kennywood picnic
sports fort woth gateway
gateway solo 2500 cpu upgrade
gateway sushi austin texas
gateway computers in sacramento california
gateway oxnard bios access
gateway ma3 audio driver
gateway fpd2185w driver
hampton inn gettysburg gateway
im kraken gateway forwarder
gateway mt6730 compare with other laptops
gateway m350wvn intel 2.8ghz 533mhz
gateway counseling services
gateway managent services president dublin oh
o'hare gateway office center
lackland tx gateway inn
gateway rebuild disk
new jersey's gateway
gateway backgrounds for pc
gateway regional center granite city il
gateway laptop monitors
gateway christian school uk
svens gateway topsafe
1 gateway blvd savannah ga
gateway desktop e3400
youth options gateway
gateway c-140 reviews
st albans school abbey gateway
coupons for discounts on gateway computers
gateway multimedia audio controller
gateway post beeps
iden text messaging gateway
gateway cx2619 display problems
psychotoxic gateway to hell
gateway fx530 computer
gateway technical institute
advertising using gateway
gateway laptop 450rog repair
breaking news in harbor gateway
install xp on gateway c-140x
gateway laptop adapter
gateway traval plaza
gateway 15.4 lcd back covers
brand new gateway laptops
sheraton gateway hotels
disc golf disc gateway
on-screen volume display gateway
gateway 17 widescreen notebook pc mx8734
the gateway to the caucacus
fullerton college gateway
gateway fpd 1730
gateway t2310 laptop
gateway engineering shelby twp mi
gateway 420 gr cmos chip
gateway t5212 100
gateway villas apartments pinellas park
gateway 400c power supply
movies at the gateway in utah
gateway funding quality control program
gateway hospice beavercounty
gateway habor concerts
gateway clean c drive
ethernet card problems with gateway 5
gateway movie theater austin texas
discovering computers 2005 gateway information
gateway foxconn c51gu01 motherboard jumper settings
gateway pc loud fan
external drives for a gateway
2wire gateway software
gateway communication quinlan
select 750 gateway xp
gateway lx6200-01 computer
notebook computer gateway dell
gateway mx6625 bios
gateway rpc jacksonville
google groups nntp gateway java download
gateway 7315 u notebook
gateway 505gr computer fan parts list
repair manual gateway solo 5150
gateway dental gainesville va
gateway playhouse bellport
gateway clean c drive
gateway xp 2003
my gateway is offline whats this
gateway learning center
gateway international training center idaho
gateway and san jose
payment gateway merchant account
2wire 1070-b gateway
gateway computer ac adaptor gone bad
gateway computers and
gateway graphics norwalk ct
gateway media center desktop pc 830gm
gateway free movie
nlm gateway overview
gateway high school cheerleader killed
hi-speed usb controller for gateway desktop
computer memory dimm gateway
gateway solo 2300 specs
how to upgrade gateway computer
gateway mx6446 motherboard
gateway model nv5214u
fusion marketing gateway
gateway 510x drivers
ipv6 dhcp default gateway
gateway plaza kansas
wireless notebook card for gateway
camera dc digital gateway m50
springfield oregon gateway mall marriott
replace gateway m520 screewn
gateway alr 7200 for sale
gateway friends church arizona
dsl modem gateway router
ati driver update for gateway
gateway bible fellowship
gateway gt5476e specs
gateway cow logo pics
gateway notebook voltage regulator
gateway computer inside the monitor
gateway laptop digital audio cable
reset gateway labtops
information exchange gateway
gateway usb ports
gateway 310 video controller driver
driver ev500 gateway monitor
gateway association for community living
newton power supply 160db for gateway
ram for gateway 310s
gateway medical center clarksville tn employment
gateway warehouses inc
gateway pc prices
photo gateway inn
cable gateway router
jobs at gateway funding
default gateway offline fix
ocr gateway b science revision
gateway highschool football
cold gateway storage
secure remote gateway
gateway 700gr computer best laptop computer
western gateway park des moines
gateway church southlake texas
gateway solo pro 9300 specs
cx 2724 gateway power supply
gateway gt5662 desktop
protocol routing gateway autonomous system
logitech keyboard gateway computer connect
gateway to the west days parade
gateway computer with hp monitor
gateway 800v bios
hemi sync gateway experience
gateway place apartments and mn
buy gateway 5mp camera
gateway laptop computer reviews
houston commercial gateway
gateway m475 bios upgrade
gateway computer laptops
gateway shopping mall farmington hills mi
belkin gateway wireless
uverse gateway connection
burglary the gateway crime
gateway service tech
mx6436 gateway power supply
ebay's broken gateway laptops
gateway mx6030 laptop notebook dc jack
sue nail gateway
venta de gateway notebooks
nahanni gateway pundit bush european visit
air flights williams gateway aza
pwd gateway mall victoria b c
download gateway boot disk xp pro
19 inch gateway laptop
cd dvd error gateway mx6920
memory layer gateway
decorative gateway in japan
gateway battery not fully charging
gateway christian school brentwood
sahib's gateway to india menu
motorola gateway rg2400a program
gateway dla computers
gateway center in newton ma
gateway laptops compare
gateway building supplies
gateway drugs mla bibliography
laptops red gateway
gateway mx 6448
gateway point school gilbert arizona
gateway boot problem
yosemite gateway motel lee vining
gateway peninsula and hawaii kai
gateway 15.4 lcd back covers
build linux internet gateway
gateway to glory and mi
college community gateway in phoenix
gateway midtown calgary pics
gateway operating system
adirondack gateway rv
gateway 24 widescreen monitor fpd2485w review
gateway model ma2 laptop
best western gateway grand hotel gainesville
actiontec gateway port forwarding
gateway m320 laptop
bigpond 7.2 home network gateway
computer gateway locked
gateway computer mouse driver
gateway adapter pa-1650-01
gateway medical associates coatesville
youtube not working gateway computer
boc group computer offer gateway
gateway computer frezze
gateway computers complaints
gateway e3400 drivers
laptop ac adapter gateway 7422gx
specs for gateway gt5426e
gateway solo 9550 known issues
gateway lcd monitor ac adapter
gateway cruise pittburgh
what is default gateway 0.0.0.0
rextex forum gateway
gateway consortium foundation
gateway to hell paris
gateway multimedia desktop pc 2008
gateway m275 repair
gateway store charleston sc
gateway screen driver problems
gateway online support
gateway 9515 network drivers
gainesville ga gateway house
ip telephony gateway
gateway park st louis
gateway community college maricopa
locations of gateway stores in austin
gateway computer fans
gateway international travel insurance
religion gateway academic info
gateway gt5408 memory chips
gateway computer makes noise startin up
gateway 4026 wifi drivers
gateway natural medicine and diagnostics center
gateway school district pennsylvania
gateway lt3103u 11.6 inch netbook
message board gateway
reputation gateway laptop
gateway 40 tsawwassen
gateway mx8739 video memory
gateway lp2207 inverter
patomac gateway arlington
boot gateway safe mode
gateway hd2201 review
gateway auto repair mountlake terrace wa
gateway m series disassembly
reconnecting massachusett's gateway cities
refurbished e-6500 gateway
multi gsm gateway
gateway mt6831 dc power jack
east gateway triangle neighborhood plan
gateway medical center clarksville tn employment
marriott crystal city gateway in chicago
gateway memory mangement
gateway 7324gz backup battery
gateway solo 1150 keyboard layout
imax theatre at gateway mesa
utah gateway for state employees
gateway theatre shrek the third
firmware hack 2700hg-e gateway
pakistan water gateway national links
gateway drivers laptop
gateway lap top computers
enable gateway wireless antenna
nns business gateway service
gateway arch and e
gateway middle school maumee oh
gateway w340ua no video no post
gateway bride texas
turn off internet gateway
gateway clipper coupon
gateway notebook pc mx6920
mease gateway airport
gateway keyboard mx8738
why buy gateway
gateway homes southern illinois
memory configuration gateway nx570x
phoenix gateway community college
gateway harley-davidson mo
gateway 1100 pc
gateway gold corporation
gateway communit college in kentucky
allen bradley to modbus gateway
gateway ml6720 add firewire
ted waitt ceo gateway
gateway charger mt6705
gateway won't read clip plus
gateway notebook power supply w340ui
gateway and newspaper and gig harbor
gateway church irmo sc
ocean gateway portland
3 computer fix gateway 5
gateway ml6232 notebook
gateway sleep labs
fpd2185w gateway pivot software xp
gateway mfatxnin case
pcc gateway to college
montana ghost town gateway
att residential gateway
auto air adapter for gateway
install ing linux on gateway
gateway funding cherry hill
gateway 450rog upgrade ram
gateway and lyrics
isp default gateway
gateway pc repair
buy gateway w323 keyboard
gateway d5 media server
gateway reo murrieta ca
gateway parts laptops notebooks
gateway router as ip address
pacific gateway insurance agency
video controller for gateway m320
gateway mx7120 no cd recovery disc
2008 netware gateway
set gateway address in cisco 5505
gateway m275 specifications
gateway 21 monitor repair
gateway chevrolet nd
gateway monitor vx765
vpn gateway cosco
gateway message xml

 

Three tests: none of them easy, all of them possible... The DNA test is the least expensive and would certainly be the most damning. The irony is, proof that the Bible is (partially) a lie would be in the blood of every Jewish Priest. If this is the case, no one alive is to be blamed or ashamed. A bunch of washed up Egyptian royalty wandered into Israel and lied to the Israelites. Their little fib blossomed into the most widely practiced religion on the planet. The first generation lies; the second generation suspects, and the third generation never knows. We are now beyond 100 generations.

 

I think this is fascinating, and I hope the tests can be conducted in my lifetime. They won’t be, unless this theory is taken as credible. The rest of this website is the full presentation of mathematical, scientific and historical evidence which led me to 1066 BC, and the Israelites as naive victims of charlatan Ramessides. If you think I’m a nut, read a little more, and then decide.

 

I've divided the website into five parts (chapters). The total is the equivalent of about 50 pages of text, plus supporting diagrams and photos.  It's a long read. Parts 1 through 3 present the majority of the case. Parts 4 and 5 are things I didn't want to toss.

 

  • Part 1: The Old Testament timeline by generations, Ramesses XI, ice cores and Hala-'l Badr 
  • Part 2: Horemheb and Paramessu, High Priest Amenhotep, Solomon and the Levites
  • Part 3: Hebron and Zoan, the family tree of Ramesses III, Josephus, Manetho, civil war in Egypt
  • Part 4: Merneptah, Joshua and the judges of Israel, the series vs. parallel chronologies
  • Part 5: The Ark of the Covenent, the pillar of cloud and pillar of fire, Solomon's laws, about the author


originally posted 11/10/08, revised  7/24/09      

Use the navigation bar at the bottom of the page

 or click  here  to begin Part One





|Introduction| |Part One| |Part Two| |Part Three| |Part Four| |Part Five|